Fire Management and Invasive Plants - A Handbook (US Fish and Wildlife Service)

Fire management can help maintain natural habitats, increase forage for wildlife, reduce fuel loads that might otherwise lead to catastrophic wildfire, and maintain natural succession. Today, there is an emerging challenge that fire managers need to be aware of: invasive plants. Fire management activities can create ideal opportunities for invasions by nonnative plants, potentially undermining the benefits of fire management actions.

This manual provides practical guidelines that fire managers should consider with respect to invasive

plants.

What’s the Link Between Fire and Plant Invasion? The growth and spread of any plant species depends on two main factors: 1) plant propagule availability: the abundance of seeds and other plant propagules (i.e., parts of a plant that can produce a new individual), and 2) plant resource availability: the amount and quality of resources (sunlight, soil nutrients, etc.) that newly arrived propagules need to grow.

Postfire conditions can create ideal habitat for certain plants. When those conditions are created within easy range of the propagules of invasive plants, the situation is ripe for an invasion.

What Can Fire Managers Do?The best approaches fire managers can take for reducing the potential for invasive plant infestations are to minimize or eliminate the introduction of invasive plant propagules into fire management areas and minimize the amount of resources available to any such plants that might find their way into the burned area.

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2018 NWCG Smoke Management Guide for Prescribed Fire

2018 NWCG Smoke Management Guide for Prescribed Fire

The NWCG Smoke Management Guide for Prescribed Fire contains information on prescribed fire smoke management techniques, air quality regulations, smoke monitoring, modeling, communication, public perception of prescribed fire and smoke, climate change, practical meteorological approaches and smoke tools. The primary focus of this document is to serve as the textbook in support of NWCG’s RX410, Smoke Management Techniques course which is required for the position of Prescribed Fire Burn Boss Type 2 (RXB2) The Guide is useful to all who use prescribed fire, from private land owners to federal land managers, with practical tools, and underlying science. Many chapters are helpful for addressing air quality impacts from wildfires. It is intended to assist those who are following the guidance of the NWCG’s Interagency Prescribed Fire Planning and Implementation Procedures Guide, PMS 484, in planning for, and addressing, smoke when conducting prescribed fires.

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Risk Terminology Primer: Basic Principles and a Glossary for the Wildland Fire Management Community

Risk management is being increasingly promoted as an appropriate method for addressing wildland fire management challenges. However, a lack of a common understanding of risk concepts and terminology is hindering effective application. In response, this General Technical Report provides a set of clear, consistent, understandable, and usable definitions for terms associated with wildland fire risk management. The material presented herein is not brand-new or innovative per se, but rather synthesizes the extant science so that readers can readily make a crosswalk to the professional literature. The broad objectives of this effort are to provide context and information to support application of risk terminology across all levels of risk management, and to facilitate clear exchange of data, information, and ideas among fire management officers, staff, and scientists.